Elementary Program

(Grade 1 to 6)


Language skills are developed in the Elementary program through reading, daily journal writing and a full complement of Montessori grammar materials. The class has an extensive library including primers, children’s literature non-fiction and reference books. Building on the foundation provided in the Pre-primary-Casa Program, children who enter the Elementary program strengthen their reading abilities through a combined approach of whole language and work in phonics.

Following is a list of curriculum areas within Language:

  • Identifying parts of speech
  • Building blocks of the English language (punctuation, compound words, alphabetizing, classification)
  • Creative Writing
  • Small book groups
  • Weekly spelling quiz


A complete range of hands on Montessori math materials allows the child to internalize concepts. Once children have mastered a concept using manipulative materials they move on to abstract pencil and paper problem solving in these areas:

  • Basic operations (addition, multiplication, division, and subtraction)
  • Introduction to fractions
  • Introduction to geometry (shapes, angles, lines)
  • Word problems
  • Skip counting
  • Analysis of square and cube


The Montessori Elementary science curriculum begins with the Story of the Universes.This elaborate story is told over several weeks with related experiments and activities introduced throughout. By telling the Story of the Universe we can trace the inter-relationships of all sciences, and establish an overview for the child from which more detailed discoveries can take place.

In fact every aspect of the earth’s formation launches a detailed study into another science-related area. In the 6-9 classroom, the Age of Volcanoes initiates the science of Geology; the origin of the solar system sets off the study of Astronomy; and the study of Biology is initiated by learning how the primeval oceans were formed. Following is a breakdown of the areas of scientific study: our 6-9 classroom enjoy.


  • Distinguishing between Living and Non-living entities
  • Classifying the five animal kingdoms
  • Identifying external parts of animals
  •  Learning basic research skills


  • Study of the solar system
  • Creating planet models


  • Basic classification of the plant kingdom
  • Identifying parts of plants
  • Studying the needs of plants (each child brings a plant to care for during the year)
  • Classifying leaves and fruit


The cultural subjects include the areas of Geography and History, allowing your child the opportunity to learn about the world while developing research skills. Children will study the continents of the world, learn basic cartography, and make maps of selected world areas. In-depth studies of different cultures take place each year and are often interpreted with other areas of study such as art, music and drama.

History lessons begin with the children telling their personal story of their lives. In doing so they learn the process of creating a timeline and understanding their own personal starting place and time. Students do extensive work on the Timeline of Life which lays the groundwork for studies they will do in the classroom with the Timeline of Humans. Cultural studies are enhanced by field trips.


  • Study of the continents
  • Basic cartography
  • Study of national flags and other symbols
  • Basic map and globe reading skills.
  • Studies of individual continents, which integrate all areas of the curriculum by learning about wildlife, climate, transportation, language, clothing, shelter, food and art


  • The formation of the Earth
  • The development of eras
  • The concept of time; documentation of time
  • Creating the Timeline of Life
  • Identifying layers of the Earth
  • Learning plate tectonics
  • The study of Toronto


The goals of the French program are for children to become comfortable speaking French, to help them build vocabulary, to have exposure to French speaking cultures, and to experience enjoyment of learning a new language. Large group lessons emphasize songs, games, and story telling. Small group lessons emphasize conversational skills.


Each child participates in a weekly music program. This is instructed by the classroom teachers, whose aim is to develop the child’s sensitivity of sound by enjoying listening to music, singing, moving and participating.


The computer becomes a tool for children to further their learning in all areas of the curriculum.   Computer studies are an opportunity for children to develop computer skills and knowledge.

Computer goals for the 6-9 child:

  • Mastery of basic computer skills and functions.
  • Keyboard familiarity
  • Beginning word processing and printing skills
  • Beginning research skills


Visual arts like so many areas with the Montessori curriculum, are integrated in to the child’s academic program. The teachers, often correlating with cultural topics that are being studied organize project-oriented activities.